Fadwa Hanna

fadwa

Live in Rama village. I finished my undergraduate degree in occupational therapy at the University of Haifa in 2008. Currently I am a graduate student in occupational therapy.

I have been working as an occupational therapist at Child Developmental Center, Clalit Health Services in Nahariya city since 2008. Work as a team manager for Child Development Center "Amir Center" two branches in North.

 

Activities of Daily Living, Sleep behavior and Quality of Life:

 A comparison between Typically Developing Children and Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder

Activities of Daily Living, Sleep behavior and Quality of Life:

A comparison between Typically Developing Children and Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder

Summary:

Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) display a marked impairment in development of motor coordination that significantly interferes with academic achievements or Activities of Daily Living (ADL). The incidence of developmental coordination disorder in children aged 5-11 years is 5%-6% (APA, 2013).

The motor difficulties of children with DCD have a significant impact on performance of a wide range of ADL such as dressing, eating, self-care, and playing, which require fine and gross motor skills (Cermak et al., 2002; May-Benson et al., 2002). Deficient everyday functioning interferes with the child’s ability to participate in family and school activities and may even lead to health problems and poor Quality of Life (QoL) (Case-Smith, 1993; Edwards & Christiansen, 2005).

In addition, Barnett and Wiggs (2012) have shown that compared with controls, children with DCD have more sleep problems, which affect every aspect of children’s well-being and daytime functioning.

Despite the importance of adequate daytime functioning and sleep, and their possible influence on the child’s wellbeing, not much is known about ADL and sleep behavior among children with DCD and their impact on the children's life quality.

Therefore the purpose of the current study is to compare the activities of daily living, sleep behavior, and quality of life between children with typical development and children diagnosed with DCD.

The study hypothesis: 1.Typically developing children will present significantly better performance in ADL in comparison with Children with DCD as it will be reflected in the Performance of Daily Activities Questionnaire. 2. Typically developing children will present significantly less sleep behavior deficits in comparison with children with DCD as it will be reflected in the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire – CSHQ. 3. The QoL of typically developing children will be significantly higher in comparison with children with DCD as it will be reflected in the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory - PedsQL™ measurement. 4. A significant negative correlation will be found among the study group between their performance in ADL and sleep behavior. 5. A significant positive correlation will be found among the study group between their performance in ADL and their QoL. 6. The children’s performance in ADL and their sleep behavior scores will predict their QoL scores.

Study population:The study will include 60 Israeli children aged 4-12-year-old children of both genders. Convenience sampling will be used to locate the participants.

The study group will include 30 children with DCD who will be diagnosed as DCD according to DSM -V (APA, 2013) and according to their grade in M-ABC-2 test that is below the 5th percentile.

In order to verify their status as children with DCD, the Children Activity Scale – Parents (ChAS-P), a standardized parents’ questionnaire, will be used for identifying children with DCD.

The control group will include 30 typically developing children who are matched to the study group by their age, gender and nationality.

Data analysis will be conducted using SPSS 21 software.  Hypothesis 1 will be tested through T- test for independent samples. Hypothesis 2 and 3 will be tested through MANOVA test since the CSHQ and the PedsQL™ questionnaires yield both a final score and subscale scores.

Hypothesis 4 and 5 will be tested through Pearson test. Hypothesis 6 will be tested through Linear regression analysis.