Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are characterized by participation restrictions. Participation, a central concept in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY; WHO, 2007), is a dynamic process that occurs between individuals and their environment. The aim of this review is to emphasize the role of early identification of children with DCD as an important factor in predicting their participation in daily life. This review discusses issues such as by whom and how this early identification is achieved, at what point within the developmental sequence and in which contexts, and the parents’ role to this process and contribution to their children’s participation. Finally, future directions for advancing research and practice towards enhancing the participation of children with DCD are discussed in relation to the children's attendance, belonging and involvement in varied life domains.

Published in: Current Developmental Disorders Reports, 2014, 1, 109-117.