Handwriting is a complex human skill, and a considerable percentage of school-aged children are dealing with handwriting deficiencies that require extra educational or clinical intervention. Research results as well as theoretical publications enrich the educational/clinical reasoning process and constitute a basis for evaluation and intervention methods that relate to the individual, his/her occupation (handwriting), and the environment. The aim of the current manuscript is to survey the characteristics of handwriting deficiencies, their frequency, and their broader implications for the individual's everyday life. Furthermore, a survey of the available handwriting deficiency screening tools will be presented. Results of studies on handwriting deficiency are also briefly presented. trinally, the possible clinical implications of studies on the handwriting process among individuals with handwriting deficiencies are suggested.
Published in: Handwriting today, Research section, 2009, 1-9.